Blog: Geography 8th Class Europe
We have decided to make a regular feature to supplement your Geography lessons. In this feature we will have a series of country profiles in this case as you are studying Europe we will make profiles of different European countries. At the end of the profile there will be a printable worksheet for you to download and test your knowledge. We hope you enjoy it!!
Now most of you reading this will be Czech, so that is why we have decided to start with the Czech Republic. Let’s see how much you know about your own country. As always if you have any comments, feedback or suggestions please send me a message.
THE CZECH REPUBLIC (CZECHIA)
The Czech Republic was born in 1993 when Czechoslovakia split up. Czechoslovakia was formed in 1918 out of the ruins of the old Hapsburg Empire. The Czech Republic joined the European Union in 2004.
WHAT DOES THE CZECH FLAG SYMBOLISE?
Put simply the red and white are the traditional colour of Bohemia (Čechy) and the blue was the national colour of Slovakia, because when the flag was designed it was designed for the nation of Czechoslovakia. When the Czech and Slovak Republics split up in 1993, the Czech Republic kept the flag.
SOME QUICK FACTS ABOUT THE CZECH REPUBLIC:
Other Important Cities: Brno, Ostrava, Pilsen
Population: 10.5 million
Official Language: Czech
President: Miloš Zeman
Prime Minister: Andrej Babiš
Government: multi-party democracy
Major Religions: traditionally Catholic but a lot of the country identifies as atheist.
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country, this means it is only surrounded by other countries it has no coastal access to the sea.
Borders with: Austria, Germany, Poland and Slovakia
Total area: 78,867 km2
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Elbe (Labe) River – 115 m highest point: Sněžka – 1,603 m
Terrain: Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country
Climate: temperate; hot summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
Natural resources: hard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber, uranium
The country is traditionally divided into Bohemia in the west, Moravia in the east, and a smaller land called Silesia in the northeast.
Common animal species in the Czech Republic include:
hares, otters, martens, pheasants, partridges, wild boars, red deer, ducks and geese. Wolves and brown bears can sometimes be found in the Moravia region.
A LITTLE BIT OF CULTURE
Soups are often part of the noon meal, with potato and tripe soup some of the favourites. The most popular vegetables are cabbage, carrots, and peas.
Traditional Czech food is hearty, consisting of mostly meat, gravy, potatoes, dumplings, and large amounts of animal fat, butter, and cream.
Common Czech desserts include fruit dumplings, apple strudel, and koláče, small white flour cakes with a little indentation on top that’s filled with poppy seeds, plum jam, or sweetened farmer cheese.
The Czechs lead the world in beer drinking per person:
As of 2018 191.8 litres of beer was drunk per person per year!!!
The Czech Republic has a rich history and cultural tradition with many world famous writers, artists, composers and sports stars such as:
The Czech Republic is considered the castle capital of the world. Today, over 2,000 castles still stand in the country.
The Origin Of The Word ‘Robot’ Robot is a relative newcomer to the English language. It comes from the Czech playwright, novelist and journalist Karel Čapek, who introduced it in his 1920 hit play, R.U.R., or Rossum’s Universal Robots.
Soft contact lenses were invented by Czech chemists Otto Wichterle in 1961.
90% of Czechs have completed at least secondary education, tied for the highest percentage in the European Union.
The sugar cube was invented in the Czech Republic in 1843.
The Czech Republic is one of the top 10 countries in the world when it comes to fast Internet speeds.
PLEASE DOWNLOAD THE WORKSHEET AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS